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Muscadine Grape Breeding Program: Cultivars

Scarlett

(From left) Fry and Scarlett cultivars

Cultivar Information

Flower type = Female
Berry color = Pink
Year introduced = 1997
Variety protection = Patented

Average berry quality in Tifton, Ga. trials

Cultivar

Berry weight (g)

Berry diameter (mm)

Soluble solids (%)

Scarlett

12.4

27

16.8

Fry

12.7

27

15.3

Supreme

17.7

31

13.9

Cultivar attributes in Tifton, Ga. trials

Cultivar

Vine vigor

Leaf disease

Berry rot

% Full crop

Harvest period

Ripening

% Dry scar

Scarlett

high

slight

slight

30%

midseason

even

70%

Fry

medium

slight

slight

70%

midseason

even

30%

Supreme

medium

slight

none

90%

midseason

uneven

60%

History

Scarlett grapes in hand'Scarlett' was released and patented in 1997 by R. Lane of the University of Georgia. 'Scarlett' was selected primarily for its excellent consumer acceptance of fruit quality and its bright red berry color. 'Scarlett' was produced from the cross 'Summit' x 'Triumph'.

Comments

'Scarlett' produced very large berries of excellent quality. Berry taste is very sweet with a crisp skin, and a less noticeable muscadine aroma. Many people prefer this variety over all others.

(From left) Scarlett and Summit cultivars Unfortunately, productivity is too low for this to be a viable commercialcultivar. We often noted "cap stick" problems during pollination, perhaps leading to lack of pollination and berry set. 'Scarlett' might be a good homeowner vine because of its high fruit quality, but only if you have room for several vines to make up for the lack of production.

Scarlett grapes on vineScarlett flowers

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