Lakota' was released in 2007 by the USDA for all growing regions (Thompson et al., 2007). 'Lakota' was selected for its high nut quality, high yield potential, early nut maturity, and excellent tree strength. 'Lakota' was selected from the cross 'Mahan' x 'Major' and was tested as USDA 64-6-502. 'Lakota' is promising because of its high levels of scab resistance and early harvest date (about 2 weeks after 'Pawnee'). Another plus for 'Lakota' is that it has type II flowers and may be able to be used as a pollinator for other early cultivars like 'Pawnee', 'Mandan', and 'Byrd'.
We planted six Lakota trees in our trial orchard in 2009. We have not seen leaf scab on these unsprayed trees, but black aphid damage was noticeable. Early observations from a few other trees a couple of years older than these indicate that 'Lakota' is a vigorous tree with dark green leaves. I have not seen scab on these trees after two years of cropping in a well-sprayed orchard. In 2012 nut size was 54 nuts/lb with 60% kernel. Young trees are setting a crop ahead of the other cultivars planted at the same time and cluster size is large, indicating this is likely a precocious cultivar. Nut size is somewhat variable, even within the same cluster. The little I have seen of this tree so far looks pretty good. However, some early testers of this cultivar have not liked the nut quality as the trees matured. Right now we can not recommend planing any more than test blocks of 'Lakota'. You can read more about 'Lakota' at the following websites: