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Animal and Dairy Science Extension Publications
Improving Artificial Insemination Techniques (B 1325) Published 3/28/2017

Using incorrect A.I. techniques can lower the overall success rate of the A.I. breeding program. Most producers learned correct semen handling techniques and insemination procedures at one time; unfortunately, many have developed bad habits that have lowered their success rates. This publication reviews proper procedures that should help eliminate some of those common mistakes.

Dairy Judging Terminology: A Guide to Saying What She is and Not What She Isn't (B 1234) Published 3/28/2017

This guide is designed to help you improve your reasons for your placings in dairy cattle evaluations. Slowly incorporate new terms into your oral reasons and your ability to describe what you see will continue to improve. Concentrate on what you see instead of what you don't see. You only have 2 ½ minutes to justify your placings. Use I.D. points, and Practice! Practice! Practice!

Estrous Synchronization for Beef Cattle (B 1232) Published 3/28/2017

strous (heat) synchronization in beef cattle involves manipulating the females' estrous cycle so they can be bred at about the same time. The normal 21-day estrous cycle in beef cattle can be altered by following an effective estrous synchronization protocol. Numerous estrous synchronization protocols have been developed that use a combination of different drugs and products to alter hormonal changes in the female's estrous cycle. Since different reproductive hormones are used in estrous synchronization, developing a basic understanding of several reproductive hormones is helpful for determining which protocol will work best for your herd.

Programas de Sincronización de Hatos (B 1227-SP) Published 3/28/2017

Los datos del programa Dairy Records Management Systems (DRMS) demuestran que hatos de alta producción tienen índices de concepción bajos, y estos tienen también pasarán menos días abiertos y tienen una mayor taza de detección de celo. [This publication describes dairy herd synchronization programs will help improve your reproductive management efficiency. Try the one that fits your management system the best. Both estrus and ovulation synchronization programs will help get more animals bred more efficiently. Feeding open animals extra days can be costly to producers. Identify open animals and pick the best breeding alternative for your operation.]

Dairy Herd Synchronization Programs (B 1227) Published 3/28/2017

This publication describes dairy herd synchronization programs will help improve your reproductive management efficiency. Try the one that fits your management system the best. Both estrus and ovulation synchronization programs will help get more animals bred more efficiently. Feeding open animals extra days can be costly to producers. Identify open animals and pick the best breeding alternative for your operation.

Setting Goals to Improve Breeding Strategies (B 1213) Published 3/28/2017

Problem identification is the first step in establishing objectives and goals to improve reproductive management in a dairy herd. Management is determining what must be done and achieving results through the efforts of yourself and your employees. Use the following worksheet to evaluate herd reproductive performance and set goals to improve your breeding strategies. Then develop a tactical plan to achieve these goals using the second worksheet. List those involved on your management team and their responsibilities.

Estrategias de Detección de Celo para Ganado Lechero (B 1212-SP) Published 3/28/2017

La detección de celo es el primer paso para hacer que un animal se preñe. De acuerdo con los registros de la Asociación Nacional para la Información de Hatos Lecheros (DHIA por sus siglas en inglés) los productores en Georgia solo ven un tercio de los celos. Los celos perdidos son uno de varios factores que contribuyen a intervalos largos entre partos. Al aumentar el número de celos observados es posible disminuir el tiempo entre partos. [When the time comes to examine a herd's dairy reproductive management program, producers often want to discuss low conception rates. In most cases, however, inadequate heat detection is the much greater reproductive problem. Heat detection is the first step to getting an animal bred. According to DHIA records, producers in Georgia are only seeing a third of their heats. Missed heats are one of several factors that contribute to long calving intervals. By increasing the number of heats observed, it is possible to shorten the interval between calves.]

Heat Detection Strategies for Dairy Cattle (B 1212) Published 3/28/2017

When the time comes to examine a herd's dairy reproductive management program, producers often want to discuss low conception rates. In most cases, however, inadequate heat detection is the much greater reproductive problem. Heat detection is the first step to getting an animal bred. According to DHIA records, producers in Georgia are only seeing a third of their heats. Missed heats are one of several factors that contribute to long calving intervals. By increasing the number of heats observed, it is possible to shorten the interval between calves.

Resolviendo Problemas Después del Parto (B 1211-SP) Published 3/28/2017

La identificación y el diagnóstico temprano de problemas reproductivos relacionados a nuestro programa de salud del hato es una parte esencial de un manejo eficiente de nuestra producción lechera. Muchos factores durante el periodo horro (seco), el parto y la lactancia temprana pueden disminuir la eficiencia reproductiva. Estos incluyen la mastitis, quistes ováricos, falta de condición física (body condition), placentas retenidas y anestro. También, ciertos desordenes pueden ocurrir simultáneamente. Por ejemplo, una vaca con fiebre de leche frecuentemente padece de una placenta retenida. Estos problemas post-parto alargan los intervalos entre partos y afectan la eficiencia reproductiva.

Solving Postpartum Breeding Problems (B 1211) Published 3/28/2017

Early identification and diagnosis of reproductive problems through a herd health program are an essential part of successful dairy management. A cow must be pregnant by 85 days postpartum to achieve a 12-month calving interval. This is the backbone of sound reproductive management in an economical dairy business. Many factors during the dry period, parturition and early lactation can lower reproductive efficiency. These include mastitis, cystic ovaries, lack of body condition, retained placentas and anestrus. These postpartum problems lengthen calving intervals and affect reproductive efficiency.