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Cowart


Cultivar Information

Flower type = Self-fertile
Berry color = Black
Year introduced = 1960
Variety protection = Unpatented

History

'Cowart' was released in 1968 by B.O. Fry from the University of Georgia. 'Cowart' was selected from the cross 'Higgins' x Ga. 28 in 1960. Historically, 'Cowart' was an important cultivar because it combined good size and berry quality with self-fertile flowers. Many large muscadine plantings consisted of 'Cowart' as the pollenizer and 'Fry' as the primary cultivar.


Comments

'Cowart' has been an important cultivar in Georgia, but its relative importance has declined in recent years. Yield of 'Cowart' was relatively low in our test, especially for aself-fertile vine.Stem scars typically tear, making it difficult to sell for fresh fruit. Flavor is sweet and good, but the skin is tough. Berry size is only medium and no real disease problems were noted. Because of its small size and wet scar, I would not recommend 'Cowart' for commercial plantings, but it would be okay for home plantings.


 


 

Average Berry Quality in Tifton, GA Trials

Cultivar

Berry weight (g)

Berry diameter (mm)

Soluble solids (%)

Cowart

8.7

24

14.7

Fry

12.7

27

15.3

Supreme

17.7

31

13.9

 

 


Cultivar Attributes in Tifton, GA Trials

Cultivar

Vine vigor

Leaf disease

Berry rot

% Full crop

Harvest period

Ripening

% Dry scar

Cowart

medium

slight

slight

40%

midseason

even

30%

Fry

medium

slight

slight

70%

midseason

even

30%

Supreme

medium

slight

none

90%

midseason

uneven

60%