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Breeding Peanut for Better Productivity and Quality (TAM 17P)

Approach

The goal of TAM 17P is to develop peanut lines and varieties adapted to West Africa, with focus on higher yields, disease resistance, early maturity, oil quality, fresh seed dormancy using traditional breeding techniques and evaluating, preserving and using wild Arachis species from South America as genetic resources.

Achievements

The development of genetic markers for improvement in breeding for resistance to diseases, insects, and biotic stresses has been important to Texas and the U.S. The release of the nematode resistant variety “Nematam” will be important to Southwest U.S. peanut production. The success in the development of high oleic/low linoleic acid germplasm/ varieties is important to the U.S. industry, and a new variety with this trait was released in Texas. New cultivars with disease resistance, seed dormancy, and high oleic/low linoleic oil that delays the development of rancidity and increases shelf life are near release in Senegal and Burkina Faso. Continued exploitation of genes from wild species is important for traits not normally found in the cultivated species. TAM 14 was closed with the retirement of Dr. Charles Simpson, Texas A&M University/College Station, but some of his objectives will continue in this project, i.e. use of wild species.

Focus

Producer Values


Lead Scientist

Dr. Mark Burow
Texas A&M University/Lubbock


Sengal Collaborator

Dr. Ousmane Ndoye, l’Institute Senegalais de Recherches Agricoles (ISRA), Bambey

Burkina Faso Collaborators

Dr. Philippe Sankara, University of Ouagadougo
Dr. Zagre Bertin, Institut de l’Environnement et des Recherches Agricoles (INERA)