By Brad Haire
University of Georgia
"This is a day for sharing," former President Jimmy Carter told about 60 people at the Georgia Biodiesel Summit. The event was sponsored by the University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences' Center for Emerging Crops and Technologies.
"What we're looking for today," Carter said, "is what specifically does Georgia need to do -- the legislature and different department heads -- to make sure research and development, agriculture and the environment all come together to alleviate any impediments that might not even be detectable now but that have been identified by industry."
Cleaner fuelBiodiesel is the name for a variety of oxygenated fuels made from oilseeds or animal fats. It burns cleaner and is environmentally safer than petroleum diesel. And existing diesel engines and equipment don't need to be altered to use biodiesel.
According to a recent biodiesel study by the UGA Center for Agribusiness and Economic Development, Georgia annually produces about 55 million gallons of oilseeds and animal fats from which biodiesel could be made. The state could supply a moderate-sized biodiesel plant, which would provide an economic impact of $8 million and contribute $800,000 in state taxes each year.
Tax incentives and special financing are just a few ways state leaders can help establish a biodiesel industry in Georgia, said John McKissick, CAED coordinator.
"But the key to benefitting Georgia (farmers) and communities will be to have any incentives based on a biofuel product produced in Georgia from Georgia products," McKissick said.
CollaborativeFinancial times are tight for Georgia's General Assembly and state agencies. But Georgia can't afford to not go forward with biodiesel production, said Terry Coleman (D-Eastman), speaker of the Georgia House of Representatives.
"We could put together a collaborative between Georgia's agricultural and environmental departments and add the university system's, experiment stations' and our other research capabilities," Coleman said. "We may not have a large pot of money. But by putting some effort into a collaborative, there may be an opportunity for us to begin this process."
Adding value to Georgia farm products, such as through biodiesel processing, is one of the best ways to improve Georgia's farm economy, said Gale Buchanan, CAES dean and director.
"What we have to do at the university is provide the education and the information-delivery and hope we can get industry interested," Buchanan said. "And this meeting today is where you get something off the ground. We hope it's the start of something important for Georgia."
(Brad Haire is the former news editor with the University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.)