After an extremely wet summer, Georgians saw the return of abnormally dry conditions in October.
Some areas of the state saw less than 25 percent of their normal rainfall during October, and other areas saw only one day of measurable rainfall. The only exceptions were in the metro-Atlanta area and a small area near the coast, halfway between Savannah and Brunswick.
The abnormally dry conditions prevented farmers from planting small grains and compounded damage to pastures that were stressed by heavy rain during the summer months. Conditions also stopped peanut harvest in some areas and delayed planting of winter pastures. Frosts and freezes ended the growing season across the northern region of the state and affected some areas in central Georgia as well.
The dry conditions also resulted in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers reducing outflows from their reservoirs along the Savannah River basin.
While farmers worked around the dry conditions, they were still coping with the effects of the abnormally wet summer.
The cool spring, followed by frequent rains, made pecans susceptible to scab and reduced the expected yield from 90 million pounds to 65 million pounds. Farmers noted that they had to spray about 20 times to keep the scab in check, compared to a typical eight to 10 times per season.
October’s highest monthly total precipitation reported by National Weather Service stations was 2.57 inches in Atlanta (still .84 inches below normal). Savannah received the least amount of rain with only .23 inches (3.46 inches below normal); Augusta received .36 inches (2.91 below normal); Athens received 1.27 inches (2.28 below normal); Columbus received .45 inches (2.13 below normal); Alma received .72 inches (2.31 below normal); Brunswick received 1.17 inches (3.29 below normal); and Macon received .61 inches (2.18 below normal).
Savannah experienced its eighth driest October in 143 years, and the driest October since 2001, when only .16 inches of rain were observed. Columbus experienced its tenth driest and tenth warmest October in 67 years of record. No extreme temperatures or daily precipitation records were broken.
The highest single-day rainfall reported by Community Collaborative Rain, Snow and Hail Network observers was 3.24 inches near Dunwoody in DeKalb County on Oct. 7. Observers in Sandy Springs in Cobb County and Roswell in Fulton County received 3.17 inches and 3.07 inches, respectively. The highest monthly total rainfall was 4 inches, as reported by the Dunwoody observer, followed by 3.7 inches from the Sandy Springs observer.
In Atlanta, the monthly average temperature was 64.4 degrees F (1.1 degrees above normal); in Athens it was 63.4 degrees (.4 above normal); in Columbus it was 68.4 degrees (1.9 above normal); in Macon it was 65.1 degrees (.2 above normal); in Savannah it was 69.4 degrees (1.5 above normal); in Brunswick it was 70 degrees (.2 below normal); in Alma it was 67.9 degrees (.5 below normal); and in Augusta it was 65.2 degrees (.8 above normal).
There was no severe weather reported in October in Georgia.
(Pam Knox serves as University of Georgia Agricultural Climatologist with UGA Department of Crop and Soil Science.)
Many parts of Georgia only saw about a quarter of their normal October rainfall during October 2013.Download Image