While the ice storm that hit parts of Georgia in February damaged timber stands and cut power to thousands of homes and businesses, it left most of Georgia’s spring-blooming crop undamaged.
Some peaches took a minor hit from cold conditions late in the month in central Georgia due to temperatures below 26 Fahrenheit, but the cold conditions hit before most trees had bloomed. Therefore trees are not expected to have major damage from February temperatures.
However, Georgia growers are not out of the woods yet. These “roller coaster” winter weather conditions are expected to continue for the rest of the season due to the absence of El Nino or La Nina conditions in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Neutral conditions are expected to continue through early summer with a possible development of El Nino later in the year.
Gardeners should note that late frosts, while still rare, are more likely during neutral winters and springs like this one. This threat of late frost can be hard to remember when the winter chill is punctuated by unusually warm days that are perfect for getting out into the landscape.
Record high temperatures were set in Atlanta on Feb. 2 with 74 degrees, edging out the 73 degrees set in 1986, and in Brunswick on Feb. 20 with 83 degrees, beating the old record high of 82 degrees in 1991. The record high temperature of 82 degrees was also tied in Augusta on Feb. 20. Atlanta also reported a record high nighttime temperature of 59 degrees on Feb. 19, beating the old record of 57 degrees set in 1890.
In Atlanta, the monthly average temperature was 47.3 degrees (0.1 degrees above normal); in Athens it was 47 degrees (0.2 below normal); in Columbus it was 50.8 degrees (0.3 below normal); in Macon it was 49.4 degrees (0.6 below normal); in Savannah it was 55.2 degrees (2.2 above normal); in Brunswick it was 55.1 (0.6 above normal); in Alma it was 54.2 (0.0 above normal); and in Augusta it was 48.2 degrees (0.7 below normal).
While parts of the state were wetter than normal, others received less rain than normal. The highest monthly total precipitation recorded by a National Weather Service reporting station was 5.41 inches in Columbus (0.97 inches above normal) and the lowest was in Savannah at 1.70 inches (1.09 inches below normal).
Atlanta received 3.81 inches of precipitation (0.86 below normal); Macon received 4.60 inches (0.24 above normal); Alma received 1.91 inches (1.89 below normal); Augusta received 3.73 inches (0.19 below normal); Athens received 3.96 inches (0.52 below normal); and Brunswick received 1.89 inches (1.58 below normal).
The highest single-day rainfall reported by a Community Collaborative Rain, Hall and Snow Network volunteer was 3.08 inches near Albany in Lee County on Feb. 12. Two observers near Ringgold in Catoosa County reported 3.08 and 3.03 inches on Feb.3.
The highest monthly total rainfall was 6.91 inches, observed southeast of Dalton in Whitfield County, followed by 6.87 inches measured near Grovetown in Columbia County.
CoCoRaHS volunteers also observed snow in several areas of north Georgia over the week of Feb. 12-14. Snow accumulation was recorded as far south as Macon, with the city recording snow on Feb. 13 for the first time.
Ringgold saw the highest recorded daily snowfall that same day with 9.5 inches. Also on Feb. 13, an area in Chattooga County east of Summerville saw 6.8 inches.
The highest monthly snow totals were 12 inches and 11.6 inches at the same two stations in Catoosa County and Chattooga County, respectively.
The same weather system that brought snow to some parts of north Georgia brought a severe ice storm to central Georgia the same week. A detailed account of this storm can be found at www.srh.noaa.gov/ffc/?n=20140212_winterstorm.
Some areas of the state near Augusta experienced well over an inch of ice from the storm.
Many schools were closed for several days due to the treacherous conditions. An estimated one million customers in Georgia were without power for part of the storm. In the Augusta area some customers were without power for up to a week after the storm ended. Georgia Power reported replacing 66 miles of lines in hazardous conditions due to the storm.
One of the hardest hit industries by the storm was the forestry industry. About 70,000 acres of trees, mostly pine, were damaged by the ice, with a value in excess of $65 million.
In Augusta, over 100,000 cubic yards of tree limbs were collected and chipped. The Eisenhower tree, a famous loblolly pine at the Augusta National Golf Club, was destroyed by the storm and had to be removed.
(Pam Knox serves as University of Georgia Agricultural Climatologist with UGA Department of Crop and Soil Science.)
During the week of Feb.12-14, 2014, some parts of Georgia saw as much as 1 inch of ice accumulation.Download Image
While most of the sate saw normal rainfall amounts during February 2014,the coast received saw slight less rainfall than normal.Download Image
A severe ice storm that struck Georgia during the week of Feb. 11-13, 2014 damaged about 70,000 acres of pine trees near Augusta. The ice also knocked out power to thousands of homes in the area and sent about 100,000 cubic yards of tree limbs plummeting into people yards.Download Image