November 2014 will go on record as one of the top five coldest Novembers for many areas across Georgia, although the final average has yet to be calculated.
Last month’s cold snaps had little impact on the state’s cotton and peanut crops, most of which were harvested by the time the low temperatures hit Georgia. Dry weather in parts of the state did stress canola and winter forages.
In Atlanta, the monthly average temperature was 49 degrees Fahrenheit, five degrees below normal. Athens saw an average of 48.1 F, below normal by 5.7 degrees. Columbus experienced a 50.8 F average, below normal by 6.5 degrees. Macon recorded a 49.2 F average, 6.7 degrees below normal. Savannah recorded a 56.5 F average (2.8 degrees below normal); Brunswick, 56.4 F average (5.4 degrees below normal); Alma, 53.3 F average (6.6 degrees below normal); Augusta, 49.2 F average (six degrees below normal); Albany, 52.8 F average (5.9 degrees below normal); and Valdosta, 54.2 F average (5.7 degrees below normal).
Columbus set a record low temperature of 21 F on Nov. 19, beating the old record of 25 F set in 1949, and Macon set a record low of 17 F also on Nov. 19, smashing the old record of 24 F set in 2008.
Augusta reported a record low of 15 F on Nov. 19, much lower than the previous record of 22 F set on Nov. 21, 1951. This is the earliest that a temperature below 20 F was ever observed at that location.
While November brought super-cool weather to parts of the state, it also brought unseasonably high temperatures, just days after record or near-record lows.
Savannah set a record low of 26 F on Nov. 19, beating the 27 F record set in 2008. Just a few days later, on Nov. 24, the city tied its record high temperature of 83 F. Atlanta reported a record high of 76 F on Nov. 24, surpassing the old record of 75 F set in 1900.
Precipitation varied across the state as well, from above normal in southeast Georgia to drier than normal in the west-central and far northwest regions of the state.
The highest monthly total precipitation reported by a National Weather Service station was 4.95 inches in Alma, 2.47 inches above normal. The lowest total reported precipitation was in Columbus — 2.96 inches, 1.14 inches below normal. Atlanta received 3.85 inches of precipitation (0.25 inches below normal); Athens, 3.04 inches (0.98 inches below normal); Macon, 4.31 inches (0.99 inches above normal); Albany, 4.32 inches (1.13 inches above normal); Brunswick, 3.50 inches (1.47 inches above normal); Augusta, 3.19 inches (0.37 above normal); and Valdosta, 4.48 inches (1.92 above normal).
Daily rainfall records were set at Macon, Savannah, Alma and Brunswick last month. Most of the heaviest rains fell on Nov. 23 or 25, as thunderstorms moved through the region.
The highest single-day rainfall reported by a Community Collaborative Rain, Hail and Snow Network volunteer — a non-profit, community-based network of volunteers that measure and map precipitation — was 4.44 inches near Bremen, in Haralson County, on Nov. 17. A Jackson County observer, in Braselton, reported 4.07 inches on Nov. 24. An observer just north of Valdosta, in Lowndes County, recorded the highest monthly total rainfall in the state — 8.9 inches — followed by a 7.41-inch total at a station just east of Thomasville, in Thomas County.
Georgia experienced severe weather three days in November, with wind damage occurring Nov. 16, 17 and 23 and tornadoes touching down in Twiggs County on Nov. 17. Four tornadoes touched down between Columbus and Augusta during a separate storm system on Nov. 23, including one with a semi-continuous path of 118 miles.
(Pam Knox serves as University of Georgia Agricultural Climatologist with UGA Department of Crop and Soil Science.)
The Southeast Regional Climate Center's preliminary rankings of monthly temperatures indicates that local temperatures throughout the state were among the top five coldest for the month on record. The exceptions were Atlanta (16th coldest temperature for that city) and Savannah (28th coldest).Download Image