G. David Buntin
ENTO 3740 Insect Pest Management (Fall Semester) (syllabus)
I have a 75% research appointment. My research program focuses on the integrated pest management (IPM) of grain, forage and alternative agronomic crops. I have responsibility for insect pest management of all the smaller or minor agronomic crops in Georgia with the exception of soybean. Collectively these crops represent a significant component of Georgia’s agricultural makeup. The objective is a mission-oriented effort to develop and improve biologically-based pest management systems for grain, forage and alternative agronomic crops with relevance to Georgia agriculture. Specific areas of research include:
1. Biology, management, and sampling of insect pest of grain, forage and alternative agronomic crops. Commodities include corn, wheat/cereal grain crops, grain sorghum, millet, sunflower, canola, perennial legume forage crops such as alfalfa, and winter and summer annual forage crops. Efforts include quantifying damage loss relations of pest injury and crop loss of yield and quality, development and use of economic thresholds, development and refinement of sampling procedures for key pests, examining the effect of cultural practices such as tillage, planting time, seeding rates, etc., on pest populations, and assessment of novel pesticide technology for grain and forage crops.
2. Plant resistance to insects. Recent efforts continue to cooperate with the cereal crop breeding program at UGA to develop wheat cultivars with new and effective resistance to Hessian fly. A related project examined sources of resistance for control of leaf curl mite in soft red winter wheat.
3. Plant response in insect stress and effect of insect feeding on plant physiological processes. Research has focused on understanding the effects of insect feeding injury on plant gas exchange processes in selected insect/plant systems. Previous studies have examined the effect of feeding injury by azalea lace bug on gas exchange of azalea, whitefly injury on gas exchange in poinsettias, and feeding injury by thrips on photosynthetic processes of tomato.
4. Biological control of weeds using insects. Past efforts have involved the release, monitoring, and documentation of impact of exotic weevils released for control of musk thistle and related thistle species in Georgia. No new projects are currently ongoing.
Extension / Outreach
Extension efforts (10% appointment) delivers timely research results on insect management of grain, forage, and alternative crops to county agents, pesticide dealers, crop consultants, and growers through traditional training sessions and grower meetings. Information also is delivered via annual crop production guides both in print and web format. Additionally pesticide recommendations are updated periodically in the Georgia Pest Management Handbook. My overall goal is to provide timely information to county agents, agriculturalist, crop consultants and growers of grain and forage crops that maximizes the efficacy of insect pest control while minimizing costs and environmental contamination by pesticides.
(283 total publications, 100 refereed journal articles and book chapters, *indicates papers by graduate students)
Buntin, G. D., K. S. Pike, M. J. Weiss, and J. A. Webster [eds.]. Handbook of Small Grain Insects. Entomological Society of America & APS Press, Lanham, MD. (Anticipated publication in late 2007).
Buntin, G. D. 2007. Injury caused by arthropod pests, pp. 12-14. In W. L. Lamp and L. G. Higley (eds.). Handbook of Forage and Pasture Insects. Entomological Society of America & APS Press, Lanham, MD.
Buntin, G. D. and L. G. Higley. 2006. Arthropod sampling and decision making, pp. 20-24. In J. N. All and M. F. Treacy (eds.). Handbook of Insecticides, Acaricides, and Transgenic Crops. Entomological Society of America & APS Press, Lanham, MD.
Cunfer, B. M., G. D. Buntin, and D. V. Phillips. 2006. Effect of crop rotation on take-all of wheat in double-cropping systems. Plant Disease. 90: 1161-1166.
Buntin, G. D. 2005. Sorghum insect pests and their management. Univ. of Georgia Coop. Extension Bulletin. B1283, 12p.
*Daly, T. and G. D. Buntin. 2005. Effect of Bacillus thuringiensis transgenic corn for lepidopteran on nontarget arthropods. Environ. Entomol. 34: 1292-1301.
Buntin, G. D., J. N. All, R. D. Lee, and D. M. Wilson. 2004. Plant-incorporated Bacillus thuringiensis resistance for control of fall armyworm and corn earworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in corn. J. Econ. Entomol. 97: 1603-1611.
Buntin, G. D., K. L. Flanders, R. W. Slaughter, and Z. D. DeLamar. 2004. Damage Loss assessment and control of the cereal leaf beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in winter wheat. J. Econ. Entomol. 97: 374-382.
Buntin, G. D., K. L. Flanders, and R. E. Lynch. 2004. Assessment of experimental Bt events against fall armyworm and corn earworm in field corn. J. Economic Entomology 97: 259-264.
Buntin, G. D., P. L. Raymer, C. W. Bednarz, D. V. Phillips, and R. E. Baird. 2002. Winter crop, tillage and planting time effects on doublecrop cotton stand and yield. Agron. J. 94: 273-280.
Johnson, J. W., R. D. Barnett, B. M. Cunfer, G. D. Buntin, and D. E. Bland. 2002. Registration of ‘AGS 2000’ Wheat. Crop Sci 42: 661.
Buntin, G. D., R. D. Lee, D. M. Wilson, and R. M. McPherson. 2001. Evaluation of YieldGard transgenic resistance for control of fall armyworm and corn earworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on corn. Florida Entomol. 84: 37-42.
*Klingeman, W. E., G. D. Buntin, and S. K. Braman. 2001. Using aesthetic assessments of azalea lace bug (Heteroptera: Tingidae) feeding injury to provide thresholds for pest management decisions. J Econ. Entomol. 94: 1187-1192.
Buntin, G. D. and B. M. Cunfer [eds.]. 2000. Southern small grains resource management handbook. Georgia Agric. Exp. Stn. and Coop. Ext. Ser. Bulletin 1190. 76 p.
*Ramachandran, S., G. D. Buntin, J. N. All, P. L. Raymer and C. N. Stewart, Jr. 2000. Insect resistance and competition of transgenic canola in seed mixtures. Agronomy J. 92: 368-374.
*Ramachandran, S., G. D. Buntin, and J. N. All. 2000. Response of canola to simulated insect defoliation at different growth stages. Can. J. Plant Sci. 80: 639-646.
Johnson, J. W., R. D. Barnett, B. M. Cunfer, G. D. Buntin, D. E. Bland, and J. J. Roberts. 2000. Registration of 'Roberts' Wheat. Crop Sci. 40: 297-298.
*Klingeman, W. E., M. W. Van Iersel, G. D. Buntin, and S. K. Braman. 2000. Whole-plant CO2 exchange measurements on azaleas injured by azalea lace bug feeding (Heteroptera: Tingidae). J Econ. Entomol. 93:352-356.
Buntin, G. D. 1999. Damage loss assessment and control of the cabbage seedpod weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in winter canola using insecticides. J. Econ. Entomol. 92: 220-227.
Buntin, G. D. 1999. Hessian fly (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) injury and loss of winter wheat grain yield and quality. J. Econ. Entomol. 92: 1190-1197.
Buntin, G. D. 1998. Cabbage seedpod weevil (Ceutorhynchus assimilis, Paykull) management by trap cropping and its effect on parasitism by Trichomalus perfectus (Walker) in oilseed rape. Crop Protection 17: 299-305.
*Ramachandran, S., G. D. Buntin, J. N. All, P. L. Raymer and C. N. Stewart, Jr. 1998. Movement and survival of diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae), larvae in mixtures on non-transgenic and transgenic canola containing a Bacillus thuringiensis cryIA(c) gene. Environ. Entomol. 27: 649-656.
*Ramachandran, S., G. D. Buntin, J. N. All, B. E. Tabashnik, P. L. Raymer, M. J. Adang, D. A. Pullinam, and C. N. Stewart, Jr. 1998. Survival, development, and oviposition of resistant diamondback moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) on a transgenic canola producing a Bacillus thuringiensis toxin. J. Econ. Entomol. 91: 1239-1244.
Buntin, G. D. 1996. Economic thresholds for insect management, pp 128-150. In L. G. Higley and L. P. Pedigo (eds.). Economic thresholds for integrated pest management. Univ. Nebraska Press, Lincoln.