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Cherryle


Average nut quality of test trees from 2002-2013.

Cultivar Yield # Nuts / lb. % Kernel Cluster Size Harvest date
  lbs./tree/year       (50% shuck split)
Cherryle 22.2 40 56% 2.7 Oct. 11
Desirable 20.3 45 51 % 2.4 Oct. 14
Stuart 24.5 47 45% 2.6 Oct. 20

Average pest resistance of test trees 2002-2013.

Cultivar Leaf ScabZ Nut ScabY Black Aphid DamageX Sooty Mold BuildupW
  Avg. (worst)V Avg. (worst) Avg. (worst) Avg. (worst)
Cherryle 1.3 (3.2) 1.2 (2.0) 1.4 (2.3) 1.0 (1.0)
Desirable 2.2 (4.0) 2.9 (5.0) 1.7 (2.7) 1.1 (2.0)
Stuart 1.4 (2.8) 1.5 (3.5) 2.3 (3.8) 1.0 (1.0)
  • Z 1=No scab, 2= Few stray spots, 3=Several spots with expanding lesions, 4=Stem scab or defoliation.
  • Y 1=No scab, 2=Few stray spots, 3=Obvious scab but no quality loss (0-10%), 4=10-50% shuck coverage, 5=50-100% covered, nut drop.
  • X 1=No damage, 2=Light spotting, less than 25% leaves affected, 3=Moderate spotting, 25-75% leaves, 4=Heavy spotting, >75% leaves affected, some leaves completely yellow.
  • W 1=None, 2=Light, some black on few leaves, 3=moderate, black on most leaves, 4=Heavy, black flakes on leaves and stems.
  • V Average score over all years and average of worst year for each trait.

Average yield (pounds nuts per tree) of 'Cherryle' each year from planting in 2006 (Desirable and 2 Pawnee trees were planted in 2005).

Cultivar # Trees 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Cherryle 6 0 0 0 0.4 1 8 7 29 36 44 52 90
Desirable 6 0 0 0 0.5 3 11 20 20 45 53 45 43
Stuart 5 0 0 0 0 1 7 20 30 54 48 58 76

History

Selection from Grand Bay, Ala. with a large-sized nut of high quality.

Comments

Planted in 2002 and bore its first small crop in 2005. Cherryle produces an attractive nut with excellent fill. Nut size is large and shells are thin giving a high percent kernel. Kernel color can be a little on the dark side, but not too bad. We have rated this one as excellent in terms of kernel quality each year. Scab has been present, but easily controlled with a full season spray schedule. In 2013, our highest pressure scab year, leaf and nut scab were rated as mild whereas 'Desirable' had serious quality loss from scab pressure.

Our biggest concern, early on, was low to moderate yields. This seemed to occur because the young trees typically bear on interior shoots instead of terminal shoots. However, in 2009 yields were good and higher than 'Desirable', but were lower again in 2010. However, in the past two years yields have picked up, and were quite good in 2013. It will be interesting to see how the trees come back from such a high yield. This appears to be a cultivar that takes a little time to come into production and definitely is not a precocious cultivar.

Suture split can be seen in some years (see picture below in the image gallery). This can be a problem if nuts remain on the orchard floor and fire ants get into them. In 2012 'Cherryle' branches broke up badly under what was not all that heavy of a crop. 'Cherryle' has a very spreading habit, and the limbs don't appear to be strong. I feel 'Cherryle' could be an acceptable cultivar, but I prefer 'Zinner' over 'Cherryle' at this time due to 'Zinner's' more consistent yields. However, 'Cherryle' is bigger than 'Zinner' and has better scab resistance.

'Cherryle' is a type II (protogynous) cultivar that would be pollinated by 'Amling', or 'Cape Fear', or a combination of an early shedder like 'Desirable' or 'Byrd' and a later shedder like 'Elliott', or 'Schley'.

Read more about 'Cherryle' in our 2013 Pecan Grower article.